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Labor Markets and Wealth

Vocational Training Programs, ISKUR (Turkey)



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Authors

Sarojini Hirshleifer, David McKenzie, Rita Almeida, Cristobal Ridao-Cano

Source

IZA Discussion Paper

Year

2014

Link

Intervention

Offer to participate (take-up of 72%) in vocational training programs developed by the Turkish National Employment Agency (ISKUR) and provided by a mix of public and private agents. With average length of 3 months (around 340 hours, 6 hours per day) the program offered courses in: computerized accounting, provision of services (babysitter, cashier, waiter, caring for the elderly), craftsmanship or machine operators (welder, natural gas fitter, plumber, mechanic) technical occupations (computer technicians, computer-aided design, electrical engineering) and professional occupations (web designers, computer programmers, IT support specialists). Courses were provided for free and trainees also receive a small transfer of 15 Turkish Lira (US$10 in 2010) per day

Unit of Analysis

Unemployed applicants from 23 turkish provinces with oversubscribed courses, with at least 15 years in age and primary school education

Year

2010 - 2013

Country

Turkey

Outcome Methodology Effect
Employed, approximately 1 year after the end of the program Randomized Controlled Trial (Average Intention-to-Treat Parameter) Magnitude: 0.020, Standard error: 0.013, Counterfactual mean: 0.420
Employed, approximately 1 year after the end of the program Instrumental Variables in Observational Study (Complier Average Treatment Effect Parameter) Magnitude: 0.029, Standard error: 0.018, Counterfactual mean: 0.420
Employed 20 hours or more, approximately 1 year after the end of the program Randomized Controlled Trial (Average Intention-to-Treat Parameter) Magnitude: 0.012, Standard error: 0.013, Counterfactual mean: 0.361
Employed 20 hours or more, approximately 1 year after the end of the program Instrumental Variables in Observational Study (Complier Average Treatment Effect Parameter) Magnitude: 0.019, Standard error: 0.018, Counterfactual mean: 0.361
Hours worked (per week), approximately 1 year after the end of the program (including zeros for unemployed) Randomized Controlled Trial (Average Intention-to-Treat Parameter) Magnitude: 0.860, Standard error: 0.680, Counterfactual mean: 17.922
Hours worked (per week), approximately 1 year after the end of the program (including zeros for unemployed) Instrumental Variables in Observational Study (Complier Average Treatment Effect Parameter) Magnitude: 1.294, Standard error: 0.980, Counterfactual mean: 17.922
Monthly income in Turkish Lira, approximately 1 year after the end of the program (including zeros for unemployed) Randomized Controlled Trial (Average Intention-to-Treat Parameter) Magnitude: 17.316, Standard error: 12.271, Counterfactual mean: 299.109
Monthly income in Turkish Lira, approximately 1 year after the end of the program (including zeros for unemployed) Instrumental Variables in Observational Study (Complier Average Treatment Effect Parameter) Magnitude: 25.989, Standard error: 17.624, Counterfactual mean: 299.109
Transformed monthly income (inverse hyperbolic sine transformation of monthly income in Turkish Lira), approximately 1 year after the end of the program Randomized Controlled Trial (Average Intention-to-Treat Parameter) Magnitude: 0.121, Standard error: 0.093, Counterfactual mean: 2.541
Transformed monthly income (inverse hyperbolic sine transformation of monthly income in Turkish Lira), approximately 1 year after the end of the program Instrumental Variables in Observational Study (Complier Average Treatment Effect Parameter) Magnitude: 0.182, Standard error: 0.134, Counterfactual mean: 2.541
Ocupational status (based on measures of Ganzeboom and Treiman (1996)), approximately 1 year after the end of the program Randomized Controlled Trial (Average Intention-to-Treat Parameter) Magnitude: 0.962, Standard error: 0.573, Counterfactual mean: 17.128
Ocupational status (based on measures of Ganzeboom and Treiman (1996)), approximately 1 year after the end of the program Instrumental Variables in Observational Study (Complier Average Treatment Effect Parameter) Magnitude: 1.452, Standard error: 0.828, Counterfactual mean: 17.128
Formally employed, approximately 1 year after the end of the program (including zeros for unemployed) Randomized Controlled Trial (Average Intention-to-Treat Parameter) Magnitude: 0.020, Standard error: 0.012, Counterfactual mean: 0.293
Formally employed, approximately 1 year after the end of the program Instrumental Variables in Observational Study (Complier Average Treatment Effect Parameter) Magnitude: 0.030, Standard error: 0.017, Counterfactual mean: 0.293
Formal income in Turkish Lira, approximately 1 year after the end of the program (including zeros for unemployed) Randomized Controlled Trial (Average Intention-to-Treat Parameter) Magnitude: 22.166, Standard error: 11.965, Counterfactual mean: 257.887
Formal income in Turkish Lira, approximately 1 year after the end of the program (including zeros for unemployed) Instrumental Variables in Observational Study (Complier Average Treatment Effect Parameter) Magnitude: 33.243, Standard error: 17.184, Counterfactual mean: 256.887
Aggregate employment index (standardized index of all above), approximately 1 year after the end of the program Randomized Controlled Trial (Average Intention-to-Treat Parameter) Magnitude: 0.039, Standard error: 0.023
Aggregate employment index (standardized index of all above), approximately 1 year after the end of the program Instrumental Variables in Observational Study (Complier Average Treatment Effect Parameter) Magnitude: 0.059, Standard error: 0.033
Ever formally employed within 1 year of course completion Randomized Controlled Trial (Average Intention-to-Treat Parameter) Magnitude: 0.026, Standard error: 0.012, Counterfactual mean: 0.424
Formally employed, approximately 2 and a half years after the end of the program Randomized Controlled Trial (Average Intention-to-Treat Parameter) Magnitude: -0.009, Standard error: 0.012, Counterfactual mean: 0.427
Formal income in Turkish Lira, approximately 2 and a half years after the end of the program (including zeros for unemployed) Randomized Controlled Trial (Average Intention-to-Treat Parameter) Magnitude: -4.427, Standard error: 19.935, Counterfactual mean: 533.820
Ever formally employed, approximately 2 and a half years after the end of the program Randomized Controlled Trial (Average Intention-to-Treat Parameter) Magnitude: -0.005, Standard error: 0.011, Counterfactual mean: 0.662
Ever left a formal job, almost 3 years after the end of the program Randomized Controlled Trial (Average Intention-to-Treat Parameter) Magnitude: 0.015, Standard error: 0.012, Counterfactual mean: 0.506
Ever formally employed, almost 3 years after the end of the program Randomized Controlled Trial (Average Intention-to-Treat Parameter) Magnitude: -0.005, Standard error: 0.011, Counterfactual mean: 0.662


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