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Labor Markets and Wealth

"Programa de Asignación Familiar", PRAF-II (Honduras)



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Authors

Sebastian Galiani, Patrick McEwan

Source

Journal of Public Economics

Year

2013

Link

Intervention

Offer of the "Programa de Asignación Familiar" (PRAF-II), a conditional cash transfer with two components: (i) monthly educational transfers of 800 Lempiras per year (about 50 US dollars) to each child between 6 and 12 who enrolled in and regularly (85%) attended grades 1 to 4 - in practice, only enrollment was enforced as a conditionality; (ii) health transfer of 644 Lempiras per year (about 40 US dollars) to up to two children under 3 and pregnant mothers who attended health centers every month - in practice, no health beneficiaries were suspended for failure to attend health centers; the amount transferred was approximately 9% of per capita expenditures (or consumption)

Unit of Analysis

Children of ages 6-12, who had not concluded fourth grade, living in municipalities with lowest mean height-for-age z-scores in the country; census data

Year

2000-2002

Country

Honduras

Outcome Methodology Effect
Child was enrolled in and attending school, approximately 1 and a half years after implementation Randomized Controlled Trial (Average Intention-to-Treat Parameter) Magnitude: 0.083, Standard error: 0.028, Counterfactual mean: 0.650
Child was enrolled in and attending school, approximately 1 and a half years after implementation (conditional on living in a municipality in quintile 1 of mean height-for-age) Randomized Controlled Trial (Average Intention-to-Treat Parameter) Magnitude: 0.221, Standard error: 0.055
Child was enrolled in and attending school, approximately 1 and a half years after implementation (conditional on living in a municipality in quintile 2 of mean height-for-age) Randomized Controlled Trial (Average Intention-to-Treat Parameter) Magnitude: 0.108, Standard error: 0.053
Child was enrolled in and attending school, approximately 1 and a half years after implementation (conditional on living in a municipality in quintile 3 of mean height-for-age) Randomized Controlled Trial (Average Intention-to-Treat Parameter) Magnitude: 0.048, Standard error: 0.053
Child was enrolled in and attending school, approximately 1 and a half years after implementation (conditional on living in a municipality in quintile 4 of mean height-for-age) Randomized Controlled Trial (Average Intention-to-Treat Parameter) Magnitude: 0.010, Standard error: 0.043
Child was enrolled in and attending school , approximately 1 and a half years after implementation (conditional on living in a municipality in quintile 5 of mean height-for-age) Randomized Controlled Trial (Average Intention-to-Treat Parameter) Magnitude: 0.052, Standard error: 0.067
Child worked outside home or held non-wage employment in a family farm or business , approximately 1 and a half years after implementation Randomized Controlled Trial (Average Intention-to-Treat Parameter) Magnitude: -0.024, Standard error: 0.017, Counterfactual mean: 0.099
Child worked outside home or held non-wage employment in a family farm or business , approximately 1 and a half years after implementation (conditional on living in a municipality in quintile 1 of mean height-for-age) Randomized Controlled Trial (Average Intention-to-Treat Parameter) Magnitude: -0.095, Standard error: 0.022
Child worked outside home or held non-wage employment in a family farm or business , approximately 1 and a half years after implementation (conditional on living in a municipality in quintile 2 of mean height-for-age) Randomized Controlled Trial (Average Intention-to-Treat Parameter) Magnitude: -0.058, Standard error: 0.022
Child worked outside home or held non-wage employment in a family farm or business , approximately 1 and a half years after implementation (conditional on living in a municipality in quintile 3 of mean height-for-age) Randomized Controlled Trial (Average Intention-to-Treat Parameter) Magnitude: -0.008, Standard error: 0.016
Child worked outside home or held non-wage employment in a family farm or business, approximately 1 and a half years after implementation (conditional on living in a municipality in quintile 4 of mean height-for-age) Randomized Controlled Trial (Average Intention-to-Treat Parameter) Magnitude: -0.018, Standard error: 0.029
Child worked outside home or held non-wage employment in a family farm or business, approximately 1 and a half years after implementation (conditional on living in a municipality in quintile 5 of mean height-for-age) Randomized Controlled Trial (Average Intention-to-Treat Parameter) Magnitude: 0.013, Standard error: 0.021
Child worked exclusively on household chores, approximately 1 and a half years after implementation Randomized Controlled Trial (Average Intention-to-Treat Parameter) Magnitude: -0.032, Standard error: 0.017, Counterfactual mean: 0.134
Child worked exclusively on household chores, approximately 1 and a half years after implementation (conditional on living in a municipality in quintile 1 of mean height-for-age) Randomized Controlled Trial (Average Intention-to-Treat Parameter) Magnitude: -0.081, Standard error: 0.029
Child worked exclusively on household chores, approximately 1 and a half years after implementation(conditional on living in a municipality in quintile 2 of mean height-for-age) Randomized Controlled Trial (Average Intention-to-Treat Parameter) Magnitude: -0.061, Standard error: 0.024
Child worked exclusively on household chores, approximately 1 and a half years after implementation (conditional on living in a municipality in quintile 3 of mean height-for-age) Randomized Controlled Trial (Average Intention-to-Treat Parameter) Magnitude: -0.041, Standard error: 0.040
Child worked exclusively on household chores, approximately 1 and a half years after implementation (conditional on living in a municipality in quintile 4 of mean height-for-age) Randomized Controlled Trial (Average Intention-to-Treat Parameter) Magnitude: -0.008, Standard error: 0.026
Child worked exclusively on household chores, approximately 1 and a half years after implementation (conditional on living in a municipality in quintile 5 of mean height-for-age) Randomized Controlled Trial (Average Intention-to-Treat Parameter) Magnitude: -0.034, Standard error: 0.038


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